King James Version (KJV)

For thou, LORD, wilt bless the righteous; with favour wilt thou compass him as with a shield.

Clarke’s Commentary on Psalms 5:12

For thou, Lord, wilt bless the righteous – A righteous soul is a peculiar object of God’s affectionate regards; and therefore will be a subject of continual blessing.

With favor – Literally, Like a shield, thy favor will crown him. God loves such; and this love is their defense. In all places, times and circumstances, it will preserve them. “Keep yourselves,” says the apostle, “in the love of God.” He who abides in this love need not fear the face of any adversary. Thus ended the morning’s devotion of this excellent man: a model by which every Christian may frame his own. (GodVine, 2017)

Barnes’ Notes on Psalms 5:12

For thou, Lord, wilt bless the righteous – It is one of the characteristics of God that, while he will punish the wicked, he will show favor to the righteous; while he brings deserved punishment upon the one, he will show his favor to the other.

With favor wilt thou compass him as with a shield – That is, as a shield is thrown round or before one in the day of battle to protect him, so wilt thou throw thy protection around the righteous. For a description of a “shield,” see the notes at Ephesians 6:16. Compare the notes at Psalm 3:3. On these accounts, David felt that he might trust in God in the day of trouble and danger; and, on the same account, all who are righteous may put their trust in him now. (GodVine, 2017)

Be blessed

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